Lupinifolin from Albizia myriophylla wood: A study on its antibacterial mechanisms against cariogenic Streptococcus mutans.

Lupinifolin from Albizia myriophylla wood: A study on its antibacterial mechanisms against cariogenic Streptococcus mutans.

Arch Oral Biol. 2017 Oct 18;:

Authors: Limsuwan S, Moosigapong K, Jarukitsakul S, Joycharat N, Chusri S, Jaisamut P, Voravuthikunchai SP

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the anti-Streptococcus mutans mechanisms of action of lupinifolin from Albizia myriophylla Benth. (Fabaceae) wood and provide scientific evidence to support the traditional use of the plant against dental caries.
METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was evaluated using the broth micro-dilution method. The effects of lupinifolin on bactericidal activity, bacterial cell walls, and membranes were investigated by time-kill, lysis, and leakage assays, respectively. Electron microscopy was utilized to observe any cell morphological changes caused by the compound. Localization of lupinifolin in S. mutans was detected using the thin layer chromatography technique.
RESULTS: The MIC range of lupinifolin against S. mutans (n=6) was 2-4 μg/ml. This compound displayed bactericidal effects on S. mutans ATCC 25175 by 90-99.9% killing at 4MIC-16MIC after 8-24 hours. Lupinifolin-treated cells demonstrated no lysis. However, significant cytoplasmic leakage through the bacterial membrane was observed after treatment with lupinifolin at 4MIC-16MIC. As revealed by ultrastructural analysis, lupinifolin produced some changes in bacterial cell walls and membranes. Moreover, the compound was observed in the cytoplasmic fraction of the lupinifolin-treated cells. These results suggest that lupinifolin can enter the cell of bacteria but does not accumulate in the cell envelope and subsequently disrupts the integrity of the cytoplasmic membrane, leading to cell death.
CONCLUSION: The scientific evidence from this study offers valuable insights into the potential role of lupinifolin in pharmaceutical and antibiotic applications and supports the therapeutic effects of A. myriophylla, which has traditionally been used as an alternative treatment for dental caries.

PMID: 29102025 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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